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Technical:  Properties of Liquids and Gases


Table 3:  Properties of Liquids

Liquids Density
(at or near
room temp.)
(lb/cu.ft.)
Average
Specific Heat
(BTU/lb/F)
Boiling Point (F)

Heat of Vaporation (BTU/lb.)

Acetic Acid 20% 64.1 .91 214 810
Alcohol (Ethyl) 49.6 .60 173 367
Benzene 56 .45 175 166
Brine (25% NaCl) 74 .81 221 728
Caustic Soda (18% NaOH) 74.9 .84 221 795
Dowtherm A 66.1 .44 496 42.2
Ether 46 .503 95 160
Ethylene Glycol 70.5 .602 387 ---
Fish Oil 70.5 .602 387 ---
Fuel Oil, Bunker C 61 .50 --- 145-150
Freon 12 82.7@70psig .23 -21.6 62
Gasoline 48.6 .675 158-194 137
Glue (1/3 dry glue, 2/3 water) 69 .895 --- ---
Glycerine 79 .58 554 ---
Kerosene 51.5 .47 --- 108
Mercury 845 .0333 675 117
Milk 64.5 1(approx.) --- ---
Molasses 87.4 .6 --- ---
NaK (78%K) 46.2 .21 1446 ---
Nitric Acid 7% 64.7 .92 220 918
Oil, Cottonseed 60 .47 --- ---
Oil, Machine 58 .40 --- ---
Oil, Olive 58 .471 570 ---
Paraffin (melted) 47.1 .71 1400 63
Petroleum 56 .51 --- ---
Potassium (K) 44.6 .18 --- ---
Sodium (Na) 51.2 .3 1621 1810
Sulfer (melted) --- .234 601 652
Thermonal FR-2 90.6 .3 648 ---
Turpentine 54.3 .41 318 123
Vegetable Oil 57.5 .43 --- ---
Water 62.3 1.0 212 970



Table 4: 
Properties of Gases

Gases Density
(at or near room temp. and atmospheric pressures)
(lb/cu.ft.)
Specific Heat
(BTU/lb/F)
Air @ 80F .073 .240
Air @ 400F .046 .245
Ammonia .044 .523
Acetylene .073 .35
Argon .102 .125
Carbon Dioxide .113 .199
Carbon Monoxide .072 .248
Chlorine .184 .115
Hydrochloric Acid .094 .194
Hydrogen .0052 3.39
Methane .041 .528
Nitrogen .072 .248
Oxygen .082 .218
Sulphur Dioxide .172 .152
Water Vapor @ 212F (steam) .037 .482